As an essential task for the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry, information processing and acquiring from unstructured textual data based on natural language processing (NLP) are gaining increasing attention. Although deep learning (DL) models for NLP tasks have been investigated for years, domain-specific pretrained DL models and their advantages are seldomly investigated in the AEC domain. Therefore, this work developed a large scale domain corpora and pretrained domain-specific language models for the AEC domain, and then systematically explores various transfer learning and fine-tuning techniques to explore the performance of pretrained DL models for various NLP tasks. First, both in-domain and close-domain Chinese corpora are developed. Then, two types of pretrained models, including static word embedding models and contextual word embedding models, are pretrained based on various domain corpora. Finally, several widely used DL models for NLP tasks are further trained and tested based on various pretrained models. The result shows that domain corpora can further improve the performance of static word embedding-based DL models and contextual word embedding-based DL models in text classification (TC) and named entity recognition (NER) tasks. Meanwhile, contextual word embedding-based DL models significantly outperform the static word embedding-based DL methods in TC and NER tasks, with maximum improvements of 8.1% and 3.8% in the F1 score, respectively. This research contributes to the body of knowledge in two ways: (1) demonstrating the advantages of domain corpora and pretrained DL models, and (2) opening the first domain-specific dataset and pretrained language models named ARCBERT for the AEC domain. Thus, this work sheds light on the adoption and application of pretrained models in the AEC domain.
The authors are grateful for the financial support received from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51908323, No. 72091512), the National Key R&D Program (No. 2019YFE0112800), and the Tencent Foundation through the XPLORER PRIZE.
2020.1-2022.12: Automatic Compliance Checking of Performance-based Fire Protection Design by Integrating Reasoning and Simulation